EduScratch: a case study on the development of key competences in Europe

Luís Tinoca


This paper is based on the ongoing work of the Key Competence Network ( and discusses how several European countries have reacted to this framework and introduced it into their own educational systems. The adopted methodology was based on a multiple case study with an initial set of 35 cases from 13 different European countries. The initiatives related to key competence development presented differ in various ways, according to the nature of the key competences addressed, the implementation process used, the number of students and teachers directly concerned, the type of actors involved, and the duration and stage of development. The main conclusions drawn, so far, from this project emphasize: the existence of national initiatives mainly concentrated at the secondary level; the recognition of both formal and non-formal contexts for their development; that most initiatives focus, to some degree, on curriculum and the transformation of pedagogical practice so as to be more innovative, collaborative, motivational and student-centered; and even though the majority of initiatives involve investment in in-service teacher training, they rarely address initial teacher education also.

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Euro-JCS is indexed in CAPES/QUALIS (Category: Education |  Classification: B3)

ISSN: 2182-7168



Associação Portuguesa de Estudos Curriculares (NIPC: 506240061)

Instituto de Educação da Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal

The journal is associated with the European Association of Curriculum Studies.